Frequently Asked Questions
Types of Industrial Chillers
The three main types of industrial chillers in use today are air-cooled chillers, water-cooled chillers, and absorption chillers. We will also briefly touch on cooling towers (an alternative or supplemental cooling system) and special chillers like glycol and centrifugal chillers.
Selecting the right chiller for your application will help you to save costs, reduce downtime, and improve operational efficiency.
Water-cooled chillers use water from an external cooling tower to reject heat from a gaseous refrigerant in the condenser before it undergoes a phase change into a liquid.
In place of the cooling water, air-cooled chillers use ambient air to reject heat from the refrigerant in the condenser.
Vapor Compressor Chillers
This type of chiller uses refrigerants to cool process fluids and spaces. A compressor is used as the driving force to pump refrigerant around the system.
Vapor Absorption Chillers
Vapor absorption chillers have no compressor in the unit. Rather, they use a heat source e.g., solar energy or waste heat to drive the coolant through the system.
A chiller is a system that uses vapor compression, adsorption refrigeration, or absorption refrigeration to extract heat from a liquid. After that, the liquid can be circulated via a heat exchanger to cool equipment or another process source (such as air or process water).
A circulating device circulates cool water or a water/glycol solution from the chiller to the process in most process cooling applications. The warm fluid returns to the chiller while the cool fluid removes heat from the process. The process water is used to transport heat from the process to the chiller.